Forced Electrochemical Reactions:
1. Moving electrons: Conductivity, Ionization, Oxidation-Reduction, and Electroplating
An Introduction to Forced Electrochemical Reactions
Spontaneous Electrochemical Reactions:
2. Citrus Batteries: An Introduction to Spontaneous Electrochemical Reactions
Flashlight batteries Lemons, Limes, Oranges and Salt Bridges
Galvanic Cells Reference Electrodes and Reduction Potentials
Introducing the Electrochemical Series
3. The Electrochemical Series: Reduction Potentials, Families of Elements, and Industrial Uses.
4. Nernst Variables:
Nernst Variables I: Changing Ion Concentration changes a reaction’s position in the Electrochemical Series.
Nernst Variables II: Changing Solution Temperature changes a reaction’s position in the Electrochemical Series.
Nernst Variables III: Changing the Number of Electrons Transferred changes, in unit steps, the size of the Nernst Equation’s Concentration/temperature Correction Factor.
The Nernst Equation: It describes how electrochemical cells/reactions respond to changes in element identity, in ion concentration, in solution temperature, and in the number of electrons transferred in the reaction.